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POWER YOGA
by
DR. FARIDAA KHAN

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Power Yoga
DEFINATION OF POWER YOGA
Yoga is a discipline to improve or develop one’s inherent powers in a balanced manner. It offers the means to reach complete self-realization. The literal meaning of the Sanskrit word Yoga is ‘Yoke’. Accordingly, Yoga can be defined as a means for uniting the individual spirit with the universal spirit of God. According to Maharishi Patanjali Yoga is the suppression of modifications of the mind.
 
SALIENT FEATURES OF YOGA
1. Yoga, a universal practical discipline: Yoga is universal in character for practice and application irrespective of culture, nationality, race, caste of creed, sex, age and physical condition. It is a practical discipline. Neither by reading the texts nor talking about it, nor by wearing the grab of ascetic one can become an accomplished Yogi. Without practice there is neither experience of the utility of Yogic techniques nor realization of their inherent potential. Only, regular practice (sadhana) creates a pattern in the body and mind to uplift them. It requires keen desire on the part of the practitioner to experience the higher states of consciousness through mind training and refining the gross consciousness.

Literally “sadhana” or sadhan is the form of discipline by the regular practice of whose techniques something is accomplished or more precisely ‘means to an end”.It is sadhana which make the realizationof the self or the spiritual experience possible.

2. Yoga as evolutionary process: Yoga is an evolutionary process, a process in the development of human consciousness. Flowering of total conscious evolution does not necessarily begin in any particular man rather it begins only if one chooses it to begin. The vices like use of alcohol and drugs, working exhaustively, indulging too much in sex and other stimulation is to seek oblivion, a return to unconsciousness. Indian yogis begin from the point where western psychology ends If the Fraud’s Psychology is psychology of enlightenment. In it is not a question of psychology of man; rather, it is question of spiritual growth.

Man has to be accepted in his totality. He needs to simultaneously trained in reasoning, emotions, doubt and faith also. Yogic practices are an attempt to push an individual towards his own inner evolution, the ultimate realization of his potential.

3. Yoga as soul therapy: All paths of yoga (jnana , karma , bhakti etc.) have healing potential to shelter out the effects of the pains which come in life. However. One essentially needs proper guidance from an accomplished exponent who has already treaded the same track to reach the ultimate goal. The particular path is to be chosen very cautiously in view of his aptitude and potential either with the help of a competent counselor or consulting an accomplished Yogi.

 
GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF PRACTICES

People generally ignore yamas and Niyamas in practice considering them to be part of conduct but it is not desirable. They should also be practiced. Taking into account Ashtange Yoga the Yogic practices may be classified as (i) Yamas (ii) Niyamas (iii) Asanas (iv) Pranayamas (v) Bandhas and Mudras (vi) Kriyas (vii) Meditation and (viii) Attitude training practices. Each one of these classification consists of a group of several practices. These practices are briefly discussed here and details are mentioned at the Appendix:-

YAMAS
Practice of Yamas has way to increasing the power of concentration, mental purity and steadiness. The following are the Yamas:

•    Ahimsa                  (not to harm others)
•    Satya                     (to be truthful)
•    Asteya                   (not to steal)
•   Brahmacharya     (calibecy)
•   Aparigraha           (not to possess beyond actual needs)
NIYAMAS
              There are five Niyamas:
•   Shauch            (external and internal purification)
•   Santosh           (contentment)
•   Tapa                 (to make right efforts to achieve goals)
•  Swadhyaya      (to study authentic texts and religious sculptures to acquire  correct  knowledge of  self                                and supreme divinity)
•  Ishwar Pranidhan (complete surrender to the divine will)
A set of Asanas, Mudras and Pranayamas practiced with faith , perseverance and insight rejuvenates the brain, heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, kidney bowels, all nerves, muscles, tissues and glands of the body by ensuring oxygenated and balanced blood supply, kindles up the appetite, bestows control over seminal fluid, senses and mind and imparts increased vitality, vigour and longevity to the practitioner.
   
SURYA NAMASKAR
Surya Namaskar is the most useful and popular mode of Yogic exercises which briefly bestows the benefits of Asanas, Pranayamas and Mudras altogether. It consists of a series of 12 postures which are performed early in the morning facing the rising Sun. Surya Namskar energizes the entire neuro-grandular and neuro-mascular system of the body and its regular practice ensures a balanced supply of oxygenated bloodand perfect harmony to all the systems of the body, thus invigorating the entire psychosomatic system of human constitution.
 
ASANAS
These are special patterns of postures that stabilize the mindand the body through static stretching. Their aim is to establish proper system in the neuromascular tonic impulses and improve the general muscle tone. Two basic principles governing the performance of Asanas are stability and comfort. This suggests that the nature of Asanas is psycho-neurophysical and not only physical. Every Asana should be performed effortlessly and maintained for a comfortable time. There should be no jerks and the performance of Asana should not lead to undue fatigue
Asanas may be classified as (1) Meditative (2) Cultural, and (3) Relaxative:-
 
1. Meditative Asanas   are sitting postures, which maintain the body in asteady and comfortable conditions. By various arrangements of the legs and hands different Meditative Asanas are performed. The characteristic feature of the Meditative Asana is, however, keeping the head, neck and trunk erect.

2. Cultural Asanas involve static stretching which brings about proper tone of muscles. They contribute to the flexibility of the spine and render the back and spinal muscles stronger. They also stimulate proper working of the vital organs in the thoracic and abdominal cavities. There are innumerable varieties of Cultural Asanas, which are performed in sitting, lying and standing position.

3. Relaxative Asanas are few in numbers. They are performed in the lying position and are meant for giving rest to the body and mind.

 
PRANAYAMA
These practices bring control over the respiratory impulses, which from one of the channels of the flow of autonomic nerve impulses. Holding of the breath for a prolonged and comfortable time is an essential technique of Pranayama. However, in the initial practice the breath holding phase is completely avoided and emphasis is put on the controlled inspiration and expiration with a time ration of 1:2 between them. The expiratory phase is so controlled that the following inspiratory phase is not affected in its slow and controlled inspiration. The main purpose of Pranayama is to gain control over the autonomic nervous system and through its influence the mental function
is also controlled and regulated. It is useful in higher Yogic practices like meditation.
 
BANDHAS AND MUDRAS
These are locks and holds of the semi voluntary and involuntary muscles in the body. They decongest the vita organs, improve circulation and nutrition by pressure manipulations and contribute to general health and emotional stability. A difference is made between the Bandhas and Mudras on the bases of their use in Pranayama. Mudras that are used in pranayama are usually called Bandhas because they bind and channelise a particular nervous activity in a particular place or direction. Jalandhara, Uddiyana and Moola are important Bandhas. Some Asanas are called Mudras because of their specific effects and channels through which the effects are brought about.
 
KRIYAS
These are purificatory processes usually classified into six divisions and therefore they are often called Shatkriyas. These are Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Trataka, Nauli and Kapalbhati, each one of which consists of many subsections. They increase the range of adaptability of the tissues forming various organs and systems and raise the threshold of their reactivity. Kriyas bring control on different reflexes and establish psycho-physiological balance. The modes of purification in the Kriyas are air, water, friction and manipulating movement. The regions of cleanining involved in various Kriyas are Naso-pharyngeal, Otocranial, Gestro-oesophageal, ano-rectal and intestinal.
 

MEDITATION

This is the practice involving control of the mental functions, which start from the initial withdrawal of the senses from external objects to the complete oblivion of the external environment. There are several techniques of meditation. It is a process of absorption in which the individual tries to turn his attention to dwell upon a single object, sound, concept or experience. It is not always safer to start one’s practice in meditatation without preparing adequately through Asanas and Pranayama. The basic principle of Meditation is to develop internal awareness.
 

AFFLICTIONS AND DISEASES WHICH ARE AMENABLE THROIGH YOGA THERAPY

 
•   Amoebiasis
•   Anxiety Neurosis
•   Depression
•   Arthritis
•   Allergic Skin Diseases
•   Bronchial Asthama
•   Irritable Bowel Syndrome
•   Obesity
•   Peptic Ulcer
•   Back pain
•   Respiratory TractInfections
•   Sciatica
•   Constipation
•   Cervical spondylosis
•   Diabetes
•   Gastritis
•   Hamiplegia
•   Hypertension
•   Insomnia
•   Flatulence
•   Postural Defects
•   Epilepsy
•   Epilepsy
 
 
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Weekends
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Power Yoga Center

O blk,  # 11, Diamond District,

Old Airport Road, Bangalore - 560 008


 
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